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6 examples of democratic leaders
Some of these leaders were very far from politics, or their ideology was far from what was understood by democracy at that time. Get to know them:
1. Frida Khalo
Mexican painter symbol of feminism and the struggle in her country. It was a cry against the oppression of his people and women. He never hid his sexual orientation or his socialist ideology. She was a true fighter for her people and this was reflected in her works and her life.
“Forward companions, because violence against women does not give truce and we will not give it to this woman either "
2. Che Guevara
Argentine-Cuban writer, politician, journalist and doctor, commander of the Cuban Revolution in 1953. His objective was to create awareness in the nuclei of power and promote the people as the main transformer of society.
He believed in the ethical man, in the man driven by solidarity and the common good without the need to obtain material aspects. He called him the new socialist man. Che Guevara was executed at the age of 39.
"People may die, but never their ideas"
Top leader of the Communist Party of China and the People's Republic of China in 1949. Engaged in great controversies, Mao doubled life expectancy, lowered the infant mortality rate, increased the literacy rate by 70% and transformed China is a major industrial power. One of his main ideas was the vision of the peasants as the engine of the revolution. This meant, among other things, that politicians had to be aware of the local reality and of the need for an integral vision of the people with a common goal. Mao achieved what no one in China had achieved before, to make it a free and independent country. His movement is known as Maoism. It should also be added that Mao it was a great inspiration for Che Guevara.
"Action should not be a reaction but a creation"
4. Gandhi Mahatma
Gandhi was a Hindu lawyer, thinker and politician, father of the Indian independence movement. Gandhi's ideas were the search for truth, non-violence, love, non-cooperation, and civil disobedience. All of them motivated for the salvation of their Hindu people, mistreated and humiliated by their leaders. After World War I, he began his movement of non-cooperation and passive resistance in India with the aim of expelling the British government. He succeeded, and in 1947 India declared itself independent. However, Gandhi did not celebrate it because he was not in favor of the internal division of India, an issue that later brought many problems for the country. Gandhi was assassinated in 1948 by a Hindu fanatic who wrongly held him responsible for the division of India.
"There is no way to peace, peace is the way"
5. Nelson Mandela
Lawyer, politician and president of South Africa between 1994 and 1999. It was the first government to end the racist regime in South Africa. Originally as a revolutionary andHe led the violent branch of opposition to the South African government and after years of arrests, escapes and fighting For the equality and unity of his people, in 1994 he managed to hold the first universal suffrage elections in South Africa in its history.
In 1993 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his great contribution to the country and died on December 5, 2013 due to progressive failures in the body.
"Education is the most powerful weapon you can use to change the world"
6. Martin Luther King
American Baptist pastor who led the fight for civil rights for African Americans and against the Vietnam War and poverty. His thinking had 5 great pillars: civil disobedience and non-violence; racial equality, freedom and pride; spiritual life versus material comfort; pacifism and personal commitment; faith, love and power. From a young age he lived the experience of the social and racial inequality that governed his country. He graduated in Sociology and received a doctorate in Theology. At 26 he visibly began his revolutionary movement by making a bus boycott over the Rosa Parks case, a black woman arrested for refusing to give up her place to a white man on the bus. He wrote several books on inequality and racial segregation and learned a lot from Gandhi on his trips to Africa. He received the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize, making him the youngest recipient of this award in history. Finally, he was assassinated in 1968 by James Earl Ray, a white segregationist. Although Ray would serve his sentence and be charged as the murderer of Luther King, the King family, to this day, it is not believed that Ray had anything to do with the murder.
"I'm not black, I'm a man"
These people were more than just men and women, they were true leaders. People who served as an example for many people. People who fought for a substantial change in the world. People who left a huge trace of their existence in the world. People we remember and admire today.
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